Occasional Studies

Publications from NIER in the Occasional studies series.

  • | Occasional Study

    Fiscal Sustainability Report 2019

    An ageing population will put pressure on public finances in the coming decades. The NIER’s Fiscal Sustainability Report 2019 shows that Sweden’s current strong public finances provide much-needed space to meet demographic challenges, but the margins are small.
  • | Occasional Studies

    Fiscal Sustainability Report 2017

    This report presents an assessment of the sustainability of Sweden’s public finances. It is based on the NIER’s December 2016 fiscal and economic projections and Statistics Sweden’s October 2016 population forecast. The aim of sustainability assessments of this kind is to identify potential future imbalances in public finances at an early stage.
  • | Occasional Study 47

    Fiscal Sustainability Report 2016

    The NIER assesses the long-term sustainability of Sweden’s public finances annually at the government’s request. Public finances can be considered sustainable if government income under current rules is sufficient to fund future expenditure to maintain the public sector commitment. The assessment is based on long-term projections of government income and expenditure under various assumptions.
  • | Occasional Study 43

    The long-term sustainability of Sweden's public finances

    The proportion of elderly in the population increases in the coming decades, which is expected to result in an increased need for welfare services. This year's fiscal sustainability analysis highlights the importance of an extended working life and healthy aging to achieve balance in public finances ahead.
  • | Occasional Study 39

    Is an Unchanged Public Sector Commitment a Sustainable Commitment? An assessment of the long-term sustainability of Swedish public finances

    Average life expectancy in Sweden is set to grow by at least four years over the next half a century. An ageing population raises questions about the future level and financing of welfare services. This report analyses the long-term sustainability of public finances in Sweden.
  • | Occasional Study 17

    Hours, Capital and Technology - What Matters Most?

    This occasional study analyzes the development of productivity in various industries within the Swedish business sector and in that sector as a whole during the years 1997—2005.
  • | Occasional Study 16

    Conceptual Framework for Fiscal Policy

    This report describes how the National Institute of Economic Research (NIER) reaches its fiscal policy assessments, in regard to the trade-off between the goal of stabilization and targets for public finances, for example.
  • | Occasional Study 4

    Ecosystems, Sustainability and Growth for Sweden during 1991-2001

    The purpose of this paper is to present calculations of non-marketed values of changes in Swedish natural capital assets. The value of changes in natural capital, or wealth change, is then estimated as net values of current and future production of non-marketed ecosystem services.
  • | Occasional Study 2

    Owner-occupied housing in the consumer price index

    In November 1999, the Committee set up to review the consumer price index (the CPI Committee), presented its report –Konsumentprisindex (The Consumer Price Index) SOU 1999:124 (in Swedish with English summary).