Terms of use

Data produced and disseminated by NIER are available for download, without any licences or fees, and may be redistributed freely.

The National Institute of Economic Research, and other primary sources quoted in the data files, should always be quoted as the source(s) of the data throughout the potential redistribution chain. However, the NIER must never be quoted as the source, or in any other way be described as responsible for, any data manipulation performed, analyses made or conclusions drawn by the user.