Den procentuella skillnaden mellan faktisk och potentiell BNP. Ett mått på hur stort resursutnyttjandet är i ekonomin.
The level of resource utilization in the economy is a measure of the degree to which the production factors of labour and capital are being put to use. Resource utilization is reflected, for example, in the responses to the Business Tendency Survey questions on labour shortages and utilization of existing capacity, as well as the statistics of the Labour Market Board and Statistics Sweden on vacancies and the number unemployed. A limited labour shortage and weak capacity utilization at firms indicate low resource utilization, which in turn tends to dampen inflationary pressure.