Economic Tendency Survey May 2015
The Economic Tendency Indicator climbed from 99.2 in April to 101.4 in May, a level that points to stronger economic growth than normal. The manufacturing and consumer indicators rose, while the retail, service and construction indicators fell. The manufacturing indicator now suggests a normal situation, while the situation in the construction and service sectors can be considered stronger than normal.
The retail indicator is above 110, implying a very strong situation, while the consumer indicator is just over a point below the historical average, which suggests that consumers are more pessimistic than normal about the economic situation.
The confidence indicator for the manufacturing industry climbed 6.3 points in May to 100.5, which can be considered a normal situation. The increase is due mainly to firms being more positive about their order books. The other questions included in the indicator also contributed to the rise: firms’ assessment of current stocks of finished goods improved slightly, and production plans over the next three months were slightly more optimistic.
The confidence indicator for the building and civil engineering industry slipped from 110.3 in April to 102.9 in May but still points to a stronger situation than normal. The decrease was due mainly to firms being less satisfied with their order books. Employment plans were also revised down slightly, but firms remain upbeat and still anticipate stronger employment growth than normal over the next three months.
The confidence indicator for the retail trade fell 0.8 points in May to 110.8, which points to a much stronger situation than normal. The net balances for all of the questions included in the indicator were above the historical average. Sales have continued to grow relatively quickly over the past three months, and expectations for the coming three months are more optimistic than normal. Firms are also less negative than normal about their stocks of goods.
The confidence indicator for the private service sector fell from 104.0 in April to 103.0 in May, which still implies a stronger situation than normal. The decrease was due to more subdued expectations for demand. At the same time, firms reported stronger demand growth than normal over the past three months and no change in their positive view of how their operations have developed during the same period.
The consumer confidence indicator rose 1.9 points to 98.8 in May. The increase was due mainly to consumers being even more positive about their personal finances, both now and in a year’s time. Consumer confidence as a whole can still be summed up as weaker than normal, but once again there was a big difference between consumers’ assessment of their personal finances and the Swedish economy. Consumers remain upbeat about their own finances but downbeat about the economic climate.
Economic Tendency Indicator
Building and civil engineering
Private service sectors
The situation is: ++ very strong, + strong, = normal, - weak, -- very weak.
The confidence indicator for the total industry is obtained by weighting the confidence indicators for building and civil engineering, manufacturing, the retail trade and the private service sector on the basis of the number of employees in the population. These weights are different to those used in the calculation of the Economic Tendency Indicator.
The confidence indicator for the private service sector has been estimated for January 1996 to November 2001 on the basis of quarterly series for a limited number of service industries.